What to do if your laptop won t turn on


Laptops serve as an integral part of modern life, providing convenience and flexibility for work, education, communication, and entertainment. However, there may be times when your laptop refuses to turn on, causing panic and frustration. This article aims to help you understand the possible causes for this issue and provide troubleshooting steps to resolve the problem. Additionally, it includes prevention and maintenance tips to help you ensure your laptop’s longevity.

Causes of a Laptop Not Turning On

Several factors could cause a laptop not to turn on, including:

Dead Battery

A completely drained battery can result in failure to boot up. This usually occurs when the laptop has been unused for an extended period or the battery health has deteriorated.

Loose Power Connection

Loose or damaged power connections can cause your laptop’s failure to charge or turn on, especially if the laptop’s battery is also dead.

Faulty Power Adapter

A faulty power adapter, charger, or cable can impede the laptop from receiving adequate power, preventing it from turning on.

Bad Hardware

Failed or malfunctioning internal hardware components, such as the RAM or hard drive, can interrupt the laptop’s boot sequence and cause it to not turn on.

Software Issues

Software problems, ranging from corrupted system files to malware infections, can interfere with the laptop’s startup process.


If your laptop’s internal components become too hot, the laptop may shut down automatically or refuse to turn on to protect its hardware from damage due to overheating.

Troubleshooting Steps

If you’re faced with a laptop that won’t turn on, try the following troubleshooting steps:

Preliminary Checks

1. Check the power source: Ensure that the power source is functioning correctly by plugging in another device or trying a different outlet.
2. Check the power cable: Inspect the power cable for any damage or loose connections.
3. Check the battery: If possible, replace the battery with a known functioning one, or temporarily remove it to see if the laptop powers on with the power adapter alone.

Hard Reset

Perform a hard reset by disconnecting all peripherals, removing the battery (if possible), and holding the power button down for at least 15 seconds. Reassemble the laptop and attempt to power it on again.

Check Power Adapter

Check the power adapter with a multimeter or substitute it with a different, compatible charger to ensure it’s supplying the appropriate voltage to your laptop.

Remove and Reconnect RAM, Hard Drive, and Other Internal Components

Open your laptop’s access panel and carefully remove, then reseat the RAM modules and hard drive. This action can help resolve any connection issues or false hardware failure alerts.

Check for Overheating and Clean Laptop Vents/Fans

Inspect your laptop’s vents and fans for accumulated dust and debris, which can obstruct airflow and cause overheating. Clean these components carefully using compressed air or a soft brush.

Attempt a BIOS Recovery

In cases of corrupted BIOS firmware, perform a BIOS recovery by connecting external storage with a backup BIOS file or following the manufacturer’s instructions for BIOS recovery methods specific to your laptop model.

Connect to an External Monitor

Link your laptop to an external monitor to determine if the issue lies within the display panel or backlight rather than the laptop itself not turning on.

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Seek Professional Help or Go to the Laptop’s Service Center if Necessary

If none of the steps mentioned above resolve the issue, seek professional assistance or visit your laptop’s service center for further diagnosis and repair.

Prevention and Maintenance Tips

To keep your laptop in optimal condition and prevent issues like failure to start, practice the following tips:

– Maintain battery health by avoiding overcharging or letting it fully deplete frequently
– Keep software and drivers up-to-date to prevent software conflicts or issues
– Regularly clean your laptop’s vents, fans, and internals to minimize overheating potential
– Use surge protectors for additional safety from power surges or fluctuations
– Store important files and data on external backup solutions to minimize data loss risks


In summary, understanding the potential causes and troubleshooting steps when your laptop won’t turn on is essential for timely resolutions. Proper maintenance and being attentive to warning signs can preemptively address issues and prolong your laptop’s lifespan. It’s also crucial to know when to seek help from professionals, ensuring the best troubleshooting outcome.


  1. Why isn’t my laptop turning on even when it’s plugged in?

    There could be several reasons, including a faulty power adapter, dead battery, damaged power connector, or issues with the hardware or software. Try the troubleshooting steps mentioned above to resolve the issue.
  2. How do I fix a blank or black screen on my laptop?

    First, perform a hard reset, then try connecting your laptop to an external monitor. If the problem persists, consider seeking professional help or visiting your laptop’s service center.
  3. How can I prevent my laptop from overheating?

    Maintain proper ventilation by keeping laptop vents and fans clean, use a laptop cooling pad or stand, and avoid placing the laptop on soft surfaces that can block airflow.
  4. Is it bad for my laptop to stay plugged in all the time?

    Overcharging or continuously using your laptop on AC power can cause battery wear over time. Ideally, unplug your laptop when it’s fully charged or after a few hours of use, and let the battery deplete to around 20% before plugging it in again.
  5. How do I clean my laptop’s fan and vents?

    Use compressed air or a soft brush to gently clean the laptop’s vents and fans of accumulated dust and debris. Ensure the laptop is powered off and disconnected from any power source before cleaning.
  6. How often should I update my laptop’s software and drivers?

    Ensure that your laptop is set to receive automatic updates for the operating system and essential drivers. Additionally, periodically check for updates from the manufacturer’s website specific to your laptop model.
  7. What are the signs of a failing laptop battery?

    Failing laptop batteries may exhibit decreased battery life, longer charging times, a swollen battery, overheating, or the inability to power the laptop without being connected to AC power.

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